Skip to main content


Showing posts with the label Quantum dots

Harnessing the Potential of Quantum Dots

Quantum dots are tiny semiconductor nanocrystals that exhibit unique optical and electronic properties due to quantum confinement effects. Since their discovery in the 1980s, research on quantum dots has expanded tremendously given their potential applications across diverse fields.  Quantum dots can be made from various semiconductor materials like cadmium selenide or indium arsenide. Their distinct feature is that the electrons within the quantum dots are restricted in their movement to a very tiny region of space, smaller than their electron wavelength. This confinement leads to quantized energy levels and gives quantum dots astonishing characteristics compared to bulk solids.  Varying the size of quantum dots during synthesis allows tuning of their light emission frequency and color. Smaller dots emit blue light while larger ones give off red light. Having such fine control over their fluorescence and ability to absorb light across a huge spectral range make quantum dots excellent